Stock Turnover Ratio Formula + Calculator

The inventory turnover ratio, also known as the stock turnover ratio, is an efficiency ratio that measures how efficiently inventory is managed. The inventory turnover ratio formula is equal to the cost of goods sold divided by total or average inventory to show how many times inventory is “turned” or sold during a period. The ratio can be used to determine if there are excessive inventory levels compared to sales. The inventory turnover ratio shows how many times a company has sold and replaced inventory during a given period. Calculating this ratio can help businesses make better decisions on manufacturing, pricing, marketing, and purchasing new inventory. Depending on your industry, a slow turnover may imply weak sales or possibly excess inventory, whereas a fast turnover ratio can indicate either strong sales or insufficient inventory.

This article explores the concept of inventory turnover, its significance, the formula to calculate it, and the impact of a high inventory turnover ratio. We’ll examine real-world examples of businesses that have effectively managed inventory turnover and highlight strategies for improving this key metric. Now that we have understood the inventory turnover ratio formula, let’s calculate it by considering an example. Calculating inventory turnover ratio helps with business financing in a couple of ways. Borrowers can use this information to help determine how much inventory financing they need, and for how long. Two things allow you to figure out how to calculate inventory turnover ratio.

  1. Inventory turnover ratio (ITR) is an activity ratio which evaluates the liquidity of a company’s inventory.
  2. A high ratio can imply strong sales, but also insufficient inventory.
  3. Similarly, the ratio can be calculated by dividing the company’s cost of goods sold (COGS) by its average inventory.
  4. Here, Cost of goods sold is nothing but the cost of revenue from operations.
  5. Effective inventory turnover is pivotal for the success of a business.

High inventory turnover indicates that there is a direct and healthy relationship between the amount of inventory you purchase and the amount you sell. This number can also be expressed in units to calculate inventory usage rate. This means that, over a period of one month, the cost spent to acquire and produce the bags of coffee that ultimately sold was $6,600.

Lead Times and Supplier Relationships

A solid grasp of inventory turnover ratio turns hopeful businesses into proven ones. You can draw some conclusions from our examples that will help your business plan. Knowing how often you need to replenish inventory, you can plan orders or manufacturing lead times accordingly. Possible reasons could be that you have a product that people don’t want. Or, you can simply buy too much stock that is well beyond the demand for the product. If your business has a strong seasonality, be careful when interpreting the value of your inventory turnover KPI.

Here Rs. 1,20,000 is the revenue generated from the operations and Rs. 1,00,000 is your cost of inventory or cost of goods sold. Personal FICO credit scores and other credit scores are used to represent the creditworthiness of a person and may be one indicator to the credit or financing type you are eligible for. Nav uses the Vantage 3.0 credit score to determine which credit offers are recommended which may differ from the credit score used by lenders and service providers. However, credit score alone does not guarantee or imply approval for any credit card, financing, or service offer. Business credit cards can help you when your business needs access to cash right away. This short-term financing can be easier to qualify for but some options may carry higher costs so choose wisely.

Inventory turnover ratio shows how efficiently a company handles its incoming inventory from suppliers and its outgoing inventory from warehousing to the rest of the supply chain. Whether you run a B2B business (see what is a B2B company) or direct to consumer (DTC), turnover is vital. Meanwhile, if inventory turnover to the wave ratio increases as a result of discounts or closeouts, profitability and return on investment (ROI) might suffer. A decline in the inventory turnover ratio may signal diminished demand, leading businesses to reduce output. The inventory turnover ratio is used to assess if the stock is excessive compared to the sales.

Inventory Turnover Formula

If using the average inventory balance, both the beginning and end of period balance sheets are necessary. It overlooks inventory holding costs, fails to account for seasonal demand patterns, and disregards variations in product profitability. Accurate demand forecasting enables businesses to align their inventory levels with expected customer demand, reducing excess stock and optimizing inventory turnover. Inventory turnover rate (ITR) is a ratio measuring how quickly a company sells and replaces inventory during a given period. A high inventory turnover generally means that goods are sold faster and a low turnover rate indicates weak sales and excess inventories, which may be challenging for a business.

What Is the Inventory Turnover Ratio?

Additionally, disruptions in supplier relationships or supply chain issues can result in stockouts or overstock situations, directly impacting the ITR. Another purpose of examining inventory turnover is to compare a business with other businesses in the same industry. Companies gauge their operational efficiency based upon whether their inventory turnover is at par with, or surpasses, the average benchmark set per industry standards. Inventory turnover can be compared to historical turnover ratios, planned ratios, and industry averages to assess competitiveness and intra-industry performance. Note that Excel is a powerful tool that allows for quick and easy calculations of ratios and formulas.

Since the inventory turnover ratio represents the number of times that a company clears out its entire inventory balance across a defined period, higher turnover ratios are preferred. The inventory turnover ratio indicates to an investor how often a company sells its inventory, meaning how fast product moves off the shelves. Businesses use the inventory turnover ratio to help with pricing, manufacturing, and purchasing inventory. It is an efficiency ratio that helps a company measure its ability to use assets to generate income. Efficient inventory turnover is a linchpin for a business’s financial health. By keeping a close eye on optimizing inventory turnover, businesses can enhance efficiency, make better resource decisions, and, in turn, strengthen their overall bottom line.

A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation. Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications. Our work has been directly cited by organizations including Entrepreneur, Business Insider, Investopedia, Forbes, CNBC, and many others. Our goal is to deliver the most understandable and comprehensive explanations of financial topics using simple writing complemented by helpful graphics and animation videos. Companies that move inventory relatively quickly tend to be the best performers in an industry. Danielle Bauter is a writer for the Accounting division of Fit Small Business.

Any company in the business of moving inventory from one point of the supply chain to another must be aware of their inventory turnover ratio. There are differences in value between B2B vs. B2C, but they both benefit greatly by controlling their turnover ratio. Understanding how to calculate your inventory turnover ratio will eliminate deadstock and increase your net sales. Here are some frequently asked questions about inventory turnover ratio. On the other side of the coin, low inventory turnover signals poor purchasing or sales and marketing strategies.

Whether it’s running sales, bundling products, or investing in digital marketing campaigns, selling more inventory more quickly can help you improve your inventory turns. It’s not a stretch to say that, for most companies, the movement of inventory on hand through the supply chain is your business. How good your operation is at that is the strongest indicator of future success.

Definition of inventory turnover ratio

Conversely, the companies using LIFO cost flow assumption may have comparatively a higher ratio than others because the oldest inventory purchased at lower prices remain in stock under LIFO method. If your small business has inventory, knowing how fast it is selling will help you better understand the financial health of your business. Here’s why inventory turnover ratio is important and how to calculate it. Simply put, the inventory turnover ratio measures the efficiency at which a company can convert its inventory purchases into revenue.

The longer an inventory item remains in stock, the higher its holding cost, and the lower the likelihood that customers will return to shop. That said, low turnover ratios suggest lackluster demand from customers and the build-up of excess inventory. Thus, the inventory turnover rate determines how long it takes for a company to sell its entire inventory, creating the need to place more orders. The Inventory Turnover Ratio measures the number of times that a company replaced its inventory balance across a specific time period.

Moreover, excessive quantities in stock always pose a risk of loss due to factors like damage, theft, spoilage, shrinkage and stock obsolescence. In this question, the only available information is the net sales and closing balance of inventory. We can’t workout cost of goods sold and average inventory from this information.

To understand the inventory turnover ratio, it’s essential to know the Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) formula, as it forms the basis for the inventory turnover calculation. A grocery store will have a higher inventory turnover rate than a business selling specialty packaged (non-perishable) gourmet foods, for example. You will need to choose a time frame to measure the ITR, such as a month, quarter, or year since you’ll use the inventory turnover formula to calculate your ITR over a specific period of time.


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